STUDY B.SC AGRICULTURE IN INDIA
Agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian Economy. Almost 60 percent of the Indian work force is involved in agriculture and there is potential for the substantial growth of the sector. The demand for the trained professional in this field is very high both nationally and internationally.
The world needs talented, highly skilled farmers, managers and advisors to ensure this vital, diverse and technological industry is fit for the challenge ahead. As the leading university for the agri-food chain and rural sectors, United Kingdom is the best place to develop your talent.
It is a 4 years long undergraduate Bachelor degree program. B.Sc. Agriculture program consists of topics such as Agriculture Science, use of modern scientific equipment and technique in agriculture, land surveying, soil science, water resource management, animal and poultry management, basics of biotechnology, etc..,
The main aim of this program is to use the above-mentioned concepts to train students to improve agriculture productivity, manage products and pave way for future developments through research activities.
B.Sc Agriculture is a degree course in the field of agriculture and its applications. The study of this course consists of agricultural science and the effective implementation of modern agricultural techniques and equipment in practical applications. As India’s economy mainly relies on agriculture aspirants can understand the importance of this course at a professional level. The government has recognized this course as a professional degree course to be studied on a large scale. Students willing to take admission for this course should have a basic understanding of this field and a creative attitude towards it.
There are more modern aspects to be studied during this course. Students can gain some in-depth knowledge of soil science, water resources and its management, animal husbandry management, land surveying, and few aspects of biotechnology. The basic methodology behind the course curriculum is to teach students to create a modern and effective ways of agriculture in order to improve overall productivity. Students can learn all these basic aspects and implement them while performing practical in the field. Agricultural science also has disciplines such as agronomy, horticulture, plant pathology, entomology, soil science, food technology, agricultural economics, home science, fisheries, forestry, and veterinary science. Students can study these subjects as specialization during their master’s degree course.
Why Choose B.Sc Agriculture?
Internship opportunities in nations like Ireland and the USA as a Research Analyst are some of the lucrative and one-time opportunity for the graduates of Bachelor of Science [B.Sc].
Graduates can seek employment in:
- Central and State Government Ministries and Departments
- Agricultural Finance
- Corporation Research Institutions
- Nationalized Banks and Rural Banks
- Krishi Vigyan Kendras
- Agro-Industry Sector
- Agricultural universities and various agricultural service organizations.
They can also be employed as agricultural managers/inspectors in farm-related organizations, agro-industries, food-processing unit, dairy fields, NGO’s and breeding centers. They can also set up their own business in the primary economic sector such as farming, plantations, fisheries, mining, cattle rearing, poultry farming, etc.
B.SC. AGRICULTURE: BASIC COURSE DETAILS
It is a 4 years long Undergraduate Bachelor Degree program. B.Sc. Agriculture program consists of topics such as- agriculture science, use of modern scientific equipment and techniques in agriculture, land surveying, soil science, water resource management, animal and poultry management, basics of biotechnology etc.
The main aim of this program is to use the above mentioned concepts to train students improve agriculture productivity, manage products and pave way for future developments through research activities.
B.Sc. Agriculture course deals with agricultural science and its allied areas. What is agricultural science all about, you may ask. This branch of science deals with boosting agricultural productivity through principles of biology, science, technology etc.
Let us consider a real life example – agricultural practices in arid regions of Kutch, Gujarat, India. In this region, rainfall is scarce. Water resources are far too limited in this region. As a result, there was shortage of water for agricultural activities.
Thanks to agricultural science, farmers in this area now have access to crops that need lower amount of water. Moreover, thanks to modern irrigation practices, they even have access to ample amount of water for agricultural activities. This shows how agricultural science can help improve agricultural productivity.
Let us consider another example – agricultural practices taking place in regions with low soil fertility. In such cases, agricultural officers use modern fertilizers to boost the soil fertility. They also provide training and skills to farmers regarding aspects such as – preparing fertilizer mixture, applying it, work safety, crop rotation etc.
In short, agricultural science’s main aim is to boost agricultural productivity. This branch of science relies on biology, technology and chemistry to achieve the above mentioned goal!
Soil science and fertility, irrigation practices and techniques, plant and crop diseases, fertilizers, sustainable farming, biochemistry, different types of crops, crop rotation – these are some of the important topics covered by B.Sc. Agriculture course. This program also deals with allied sectors such as – horticulture, animal husbandry, poultry farming, food processing etc.
B.SC. AGRICULTURE: IMPORTANT SUBJECTS PRESENT IN THE PROGRAM
Agronomy: Basics of Agronomy, Field Crops (Kharif), Field Crops (Rabi), Crop Production, Weed Management, Irrigation Techniques, Water resource management, Organic Farming, Sustainable agriculture. Apart from theoretical subjects, practical sessions are also involved, in case of these subjects.
• Plant Genetics: Botany, Basics of Genetics, Plant Breeding, Seed Technology, Basics of Biotechnology. Apart from the above mentioned theoretical subjects, practical sessions involving these subjects are also present.
• Soil Science: Introduction to Soil Science, Soil Fertility, Soil Chemistry, Fertilizers, Agricultural Chemistry. Apart from the above mentioned theoretical subjects, practical sessions involving the subjects are also present.
• Entomology: Pest Management, Beneficial Insects, Grain Storage and Management. Like the above entries, along with theoretical subjects, practical sessions involving them are also present.
• Agricultural Economics: Market prices, Trade prices, Marketing, Finance, Agribusiness Management, Farm Management. Along with the theoretical subjects, practical sessions involving them are also present.
• Agriculture Engineering: Agriculture Machinery, Power and Tools, Harvest Technology, Environment Science and Engineering, Renewable Energy. Along with the theoretical subjects, practical sessions involving them are also present.
• Agricultural Meteorology: Climate patterns, Climatic hazards on Agriculture, Climatic Zones, Weather forecasting. Practical sessions related to the theoretical subjects are also present.
• Plant Pathology: Crop Diseases, Nematology. Practical sessions related to the theoretical subjects are also present.
• Horticulture: Fruit Crops, Medicinal Plants, Aromatic Plants, Flower Production, Spices, Plantation Crops. Practical sessions related to the theoretical subjects are also present.
• Agricultural Extension: Dimensions of Agricultural Extension, Extension Methodologies, Entrepreneurship Development program. Practical sessions related to the theoretical subjects is also present.
• Computer Education
• Physical Education
• Animal Products
10+2 Science stream students with Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects, who have passed their board examination from a recognized board, are eligible to pursue this course. Minimum marks criteria exists, which varies from one University to another. Generally, it is between 40-50% marks in PCB subjects.
In order to secure admission into a good Govt college, you must take part in relevant agriculture entrance exam. These exams are being carried out at State, College and National levels each year.
If you want to get into a good college, you must score well in relevant entrance exam. Reputed institutes rely on merit based admission process. Under this system of admission, seats are distributed among deserving candidates on the basis of their performance in relevant entrance exam.